Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is a deterioration of a portion of the retina that allows you to see fine details clearly and perform activities such as reading and driving. Although the central vision is affected, it usually does not affect the side or peripheral vision. Many older people develop macular degeneration as part of the aging process. Macular degeneration is the leading cause severe vision loss in patients over 65. The most common macular problem is age related macular degeneration of which there are two types: ‘dry’ (atrophic) and ‘wet’ (exudative). The ‘dry’ form is the most common and is caused by thinning of retinal tissue and results in gradual loss of vision. The ‘wet’ form accounts for 10% of all age-related forms and a high percentage results in significant vision loss from abnormal blood vessels form under the retina and leak fluid or blood. Diagnostic testing requires the use of the most advanced ophthalmic technology. Currently, treatment methods may consist of laser therapy, and intravitreal injections.