Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can damage the eye’s optic nerve and result in vision loss and blindness. Glaucoma occurs when the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly rises. However, with early treatment, you can often protect your eyes against serious vision loss.

Anyone can develop glaucoma. Some people are at higher risk than others for different types of glaucoma. They include:

  • People with a family history of glaucoma
  • People of Eastern European and Scandinavian descent are prone to exfoliation glaucoma (pseudoexfoliation)
  • African Americans over age 40 are prone to open-angle glaucoma
  • People of Asian descent are prone to angle-closure glaucoma
  • Farsighted people are more prone to angle-closure glaucoma
  • Everyone over age 60
  • People who have been diagnosed with diabetes

The Doctors at JEI are involved in the treatment of various types of glaucoma. Routine treatments include medicines, selective and argon laser trabeculoplasty, and YAG laser iridotomy.  While these treatments may save remaining vision, they do not improve sight already lost from glaucoma. Early detection and immediate treatment is extremely important.